Sometimes you need to throw away sodaigomi (oversized garbage) like old shelves or big kids’ toys. You usually need to buy a sticker and make a reservation to throw away those things on the street.
But depending on the city you live in, you might be able to throw away a few things for a discount (or freely!) when you bring them to the dump on your own. This depends on the city, so it’s worth checking.
Here are the sodaigomi centers in Tokyo: 粗大ゴミ受付センター
For example, if you click on Minato-ku above, you can see ① 粗大ゴミ持ち込み制度のご案内 on their sodaigomi page. It gives information about the process if you deliver the garbage yourself.
if you click ① you can check more information.
You can get a discount for bringing it to the garbage center yourself! Here are the fee adjustments:
400円⇒0円､ 800円⇒400円､ 1,200円⇒ 600円､ 2,000円⇒1,000円､ 2,800円⇒1,400円
※as of 2018.1
This time I introduced Tokyo’s system but other cities usually have bigger discounts, so maybe you should ask the sodaigomi center. When you google it these words might help you: 粗大ゴミ 持ち込み制度 (your town name)
I hope this information helps your life in Japan !